Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, or CBT, is a collaborative and skills-oriented treatment approach that teaches you to become your own therapist. You will work with your psychologist to set mutually agreed upon treatment goals and learn strategies that you will practice between sessions to help you work towards these goals.

The focus of treatment is on the here-and-now, particularly in the early stages of treatment, meaning that it focuses on the factors that are currently maintaining your problems. An emphasis on the negative thinking patterns (e.g., thoughts, beliefs, assumptions, attitudes, worries) and behaviours (e.g., avoidance, withdrawal, excessive reassurance-seeking) that are currently maintaining your problems results in quicker improvement in symptoms and functioning.

CBT is a short-term treatment approach that is both structured and goal-oriented. You will identify specific problems to work on and then learn new skills to achieve your treatment goals in a systematic way. This will allow you to efficiently accomplish your treatment goals and increase your confidence that you have the skills required to be your own therapist following treatment.

How does CBT work?

The basic premise of CBT is that distorted ways of thinking can cause or worsen problematic emotions, physical symptoms, and behaviours. As shown in the diagram below, each of these areas can affect the others.

As seen, the way you think about a situation can have a large impact on how you feel (both emotionally and physically) and how you choose to respond to a situation. Unfortunately, sometimes the way we respond to situations can create new situations that make us feel even worse. Fortunately, if we are able to intervene at some point in this cycle, by challenging negative automatic thoughts and assumptions or by changing our behaviour, for example, it can reverse the cycle. CBT works by identifying negative thoughts and assumptions, determining whether the thoughts and assumptions are distorted by examining the evidence for them, and then replacing them with more accurate or adaptive thoughts, which in turn, leads to more adaptive behaviours.


Is CBT effective?

CBT has been supported by decades of research, and is considered a “first-line” or “gold standard” treatment for depression, anxiety disorders (obsessive compulsive disorder, social phobia, panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, phobias, post-traumatic stress disorder), eating disorders (bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorder), and a variety of other problems. CBT has been shown to be equally or more effective than other forms of psychological treatments and medications for these disorders. However, CBT has an added advantage of reducing relapse rates following treatment because it teaches people skills to become their own therapists.

MANKATO, Minn. -- In announcing Latavius Murray's right ankle surgery on March 22, the Minnesota Vikings released a statement saying he would "fully recover and be available for training camp."

More than four months later, however, Murray remains on the physically unable to perform list and thus ineligible to practice. Brett Favre Jerseys He said Monday there is "no timetable" for his return, but expressed confidence he could be ready for the regular season even if he misses training camp -- a view that coach Mike Zimmer does not appear to share.

"He is a smart guy," Zimmer said, "but he needs to get out there."

Murray has missed the first five days of camp, and if his return is imminent, he provided no indications Monday. As we noted over the weekend, rookie Dalvin Cook has taken the early lead to start in what was expected to be an interesting camp competition. Harrison Smith Jerseys Although the Vikings' original statement said he would be ready for training camp -- presumably from the beginning -- Murray said Monday: "As of right now, I'm not behind or anything."

Murray had a similar procedure on his left ankle earlier in his career but said he has not been able to use that experience to predict recovery from his most recent.

"You can't treat any injury the same," he said. Stefon Diggs Jerseys "Even if it's the same surgery, you can't treat the recovery process the same way. Everyone is different and so I'm just trusting the process."

Murray signed on March 16 with the Vikings and had surgery six days later. Teddy Bridgewater Jerseys The Vikings said they were aware the surgery was required before they agreed to the deal. He missed all of the Vikings' offseason work and hasn't taken a single snap with their offense. Zimmer's frustration notwithstanding, Murray made clear he can prepare for the season no matter how much summer work he misses.

"Most definitely," he said. Adrian Peterson Jerseys "At the end of the day, football is football. For me, it's just making sure physically I'm OK. But the mental part of it, it's a game I've been playing all my life."